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Hair Transplant Areas

Hair transplants is one of the most effective treatment options for baldness. The scalp is the most common site of hair loss for which a hair transplant is indicated but it is not the only one.

Beard and mustache transplants are getting popular as well and so are eyebrow implants. Less commonly, hair restoration surgery is done at other hair-bearing parts of the body.

According to a census report by the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS), the global market size for hair restoration surgery stood at USD 4.6 billion in the year 2019, a 10% rise compared to 2016 1. Follicle unit extraction (FUE) and follicle unit transplant (FUT) are the current standard surgical techniques for the most common areas of transplant.

Where on the body can a hair transplant be done?

The scalp is the most common area transplanted to, but with the wider availability of FUE and FUT, there is an increasing demand for hair restoration procedures on other areas of the body, particularly facial hair. A brief rundown of hair loss and its surgical treatment at various body parts is presented here. More details are available in separate articles for each section.

Scalp hair transplant

The most common cause of scalp hair loss is androgenetic alopecia or pattern baldness. In men, the frontal and temporal hairlines are the first areas affected, followed by the crown. Hair at the back of the head is relatively preserved. Hair loss is graded as per the Norwood scale, which gives an estimate of the number of grafts required. A transplant may be done on the forehead, the temples, the crown/vertex, the whole head, or isolated bald spots.

Facial Hair transplant

The appearance of hair on the face as beard and mustache are indicators of puberty in men and an important cosmetic and social factor for a positive body image. Increasingly, men with thin beard hair—due to hair loss, bald spots, or failure to grow a full beard or mustache with age—are resorting to hair transplant, with the ISHRS reporting a more than 120% rise in facial implants such as Beard transplants and mustache transplants between the years 2014 and 2020 .

Eyebrows Hair transplant

Eyebrows are an important part of the face, delineating the boundaries of the forehead. Alopecia areata, an immune condition, can lead to bald spots at hair-bearing areas of the body, including the eyebrows. Eyebrow hair transplant is an option for people with thin eyebrows or with eyebrows hair loss. Recently, the American model Chrissy Teigen made headlines for undergoing an eyebrows hair transplant.

Other body areas

People with sparse eyelashes or those with permanent eyelash hair loss can consider an eyelash transplant. Similarly, some people with no chest hair may decide to undergo a chest hair transplant, where hair from the back of the head is transplanted onto the chest.

The Donor Area

The process of hair transplant involves harvesting hair follicles from a donor area and implanting them into the recipient site. The donor site is selected on the basis of follicle density. Commonly selected donor sites, in order of preference, are:


Recovery at the donor site is usually without hiccups. With FUE, individual follicles are harvested from the donor area while in FUT a strip of scalp skin containing hair follicles is dissected. The recovery process at the donor site can be complicated by:

Short term effects after surgery

Generally, a hair transplant is a relatively safe procedure, with an uncomplicated recovery of the donor area. In the first couple of weeks, one can expect the following short-lived complications:

The Recipient area

The hair follicles harvested from the donor area are implanted onto the recipient area. This is often an area on the frontotemporal scalp and vertex but can be any other part, like the beard, mustache, or eyebrows, where hair restoration is desired. Surgeons would initially mark the boundaries of the recipient area carefully, the frontal hairline in particular, before proceeding to the actual transplant process. The area to be covered and the desired follicle density depends on the patient’s preference and the number of grafts in the donor area at disposal. In general, the density achieved in the recipient area is 30-40 units/cm2.

The implantation process at the recipient area broadly involves the following steps:


Recovery after surgery is usually smooth in the recipient area. In the short term, the healing process takes a couple of weeks. Long term considerations include successful hair restoration, changes to the scalp, and quality of the transplanted hair:

Short term effects after surgery

The recipient area undergoes quite a few changes during the initial postoperative days. Some of the common ones are: